Item: i53806 Authentic Coin of. WORLD COINS, SOUTH ASIA, Philippines United States Administration 1944D Silver Ten Centavos 16mm (1.97 grams). 750 Silver Denver Mint TWENTY CENTAVOS FILIPINAS, Figure of Liberty, a standing female figure (considered by many to be the daughter of the designer’Blanca’) in the act of striking the anvil with a hammer. This was done to show the work being done by Americans in building a better Philippines. On the right side (background) there is a simmering volcano, Mt. Mayon, topped with smoke rings. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA D 1944, Eagle with open wings standing atop shield. The Elections for the Members of the Philippine Assembly were held in the Philippines on July 30, 1907 pursuant to the Philippine Organic Act of 1902 in where it prescribed the establishment of a bicameral legislature composed of the Philippine Commission (Upper House) and the Philippine Assembly (Lower House) in where the members of the Philippine Assembly would have elections after the publication of the Census of the Philippines which was done in 1903. Formation of political parties. Federalistas, Independistas and Union Nacionalistas. After the conclusion of the Philippine-American War (then known as the “Philippine Insurrection”), William Howard Taft and a United States Congress delegation arrived in the country and assessed the situation. The Philippine Assembly was subsequently created in 1902 by the Philippine Organic Act of 1902. By then, divisions were created between those who advocated statehood within the United States (the Federalistas) and those who advocated independence (the Independistas). The opposition against American rule were unable to mount a united front for the 1906 local elections , with only the Comit de Intereses Filipinos presenting a united, yet limited, organization that sought to influence the elections. By mid-1906, those in opposition to American rule began organizing themselves into political parties. The merger of the Comit de la Union Nacional and the Partido Popular Independista created the Partido de la Union Nacionalista. The Union Nacionalistas deferred the hardline path and instead settled in an evolutionary position. Meanwhile, the Independistas urged on a platform of immediate independence from the U. After failing to broker a deal with the Independistas, the Union Nacionalista proposed a merger with the Federalistas. Juan Sumulong , who led the Federalistas, advocated a radical policy, more in line with the “conservative” wing of the Union Nacionalistas led by Rafael Palma. The Federalistas consulted Governor-General James Francis Smith , who then sought to advice of Taft on the matter. Both Smith and Taft opposed the union, with Smith saying to Sumulong that a fusion will result in the complete obliteration of the conservative element as a political actor in the community. The refusal of Federalistas reopened talks between the Union Nacionalista and the Independistas. The Independistas organized themselves in January 1907 with a leadership election. To prevent further split, Alberto Barretto and Justo Lukban were elected co-leaders of the party. The election of Fernando Guerrero , Sergio Osmeña , Teodoro Sandiko and Isauro Gabaldon as counselors marked the first time that a Manila-based political group established links with provincial leaders. The Nacionalistas and the Progresistas. In late January, the Federalistas organized themselves into a new name, Partido Nacional Progresista and launched a campaign to win seats in provinces around Manila. The nationalist-leaning groups launched negotiations to present a unified slate in the elections; Meanwhile, Palma insisted on having the word “Immediata” (immediate) to the party name of the proposed merger of the Union Nacionalistas and the Independistas. On March 12, 1907, the Union Nacionalista and the Independistas merged to form the Partido Nacionalista. While the Nacionalistas will have a rotating leadership, the manner of selection of the candidates was a source of major dispute and the party convention at the Manila Grand Opera House ended in disarray. The Progresistas, on the other hand, dropped Federal from the party name seeing that the word had outlived its usefulness and had changed their name to Partido Nacional Progresista (National Progressive Party). While the Nacionalistas were in disarray, the Progresistas orchestrated a well-organized “popular assembly”. The Progresistas established networks on local strongmen on already associated with the Nacionalistas; however, they were only able to field candidates in half of the districts in Central and southwestern Luzon. The Progresistas were unable to recruit supporters even in places were a Progresista is in office, save for Tarlac. In Manila, the Progresistas resorted to encouraging Americans to register and vote for them. However, the Federalistas were able to field in candidates in far-flung areas in Visayas and Mindanao. While the Progresistas were having a hard time on increasing their ranks, they instead relied on a strategy that will ensure the defeat of Nacionalistas candidates that will oppose Progresista policies. The Nacionalistas split their ranks when Guerrero and Lukban, members of the old Independista group were dropped from the ticket in favor of Dominador Gomez and Felipe del Pan. Quezon, brokered a deal that set a party convention that will settle candidacies but it was never convened; Gomez and del Pan remain the official candidates for the “regular” Nacionalistas. Guerrero and Lukban ultimately set up the Liga Nacional Independecia whose sole purpose is to contest 1907 elections. The Progresistas led by Trinidad Pardo de Tavera , on the other hand, opposed “immediate” independence. The reception at Progresista political rallies were from lukewarm to hostile, with people heckling “Hang them, kill them”. On election day, the Partido Nacionalista, with its national organization in disarray, was able to field a candidate in 68 of the 80 districts. Summary of the 30 July 1907 Philippine Assembly election results. Source: Philippine Legislatures: 100 Years by Cesar Pobre. Main article: 1st Philippine Legislature. While the candidates representing the Nacionalistas won majority of the seats in the assembly, the maneuvering to the election for the Speaker of the Assembly began, as the Speaker would be the most powerful Filipino in government. Quezon and Osmeña focused on aggregating the delegates around Osmeña’s leadership, a task that became easier than the two had anticipated. With less than two dozen delegates, the Progresistas won’t be able to elect a Speaker from their ranks and were marginalized from the talks amongst the Nacionalistas. Osmeña found two opponents for the Speakership: Gomez who defeated Lukban by 31 votes, and Pedro Paterno. However, Gomez’s citizenship was questioned, and Paterno found himself to be Osmeña’s leading opponent. Gomez was found to be a Spanish citizen and a new election for his seat was called. Gomez still ran in the election and beat Lukban by a larger margin, about 400 votes. Gomez was permitted to take his seat, but not after seven months has passed, and after Osmeña was elected Speaker on October 16, 1907, with Quezon as the majority floor leader. The defeat of the Progresistas in the elections hastened their downfall; the Nacionalista Party will continue to dominate the elections for the legislature, and the Progresistas, and later their successor the Democratas, will remain in opposition. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Once you receive your order, please leave a positive. Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens many times that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for the order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. The item “1944 D PHILIPPINES Ten Centavos United States of America Admn Silver Coin i53806″ is in sale since Saturday, March 19, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Asia\Philippines\U.S. (1898-1946)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Certification: Uncertified
- Composition: Silver
- Year: 1944
- Denomination: Denomination_in_description